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you read through these pages and feel confused e-mail us and request "Terminology"
read the following and go through our best of blog to understand how we
trade and to read details on the three intraday strategies we have created
over the years, the base and break, the overshoot, and the Indy.
have two central strategies around which we trade: 1) buying break-outs/shorting
break-downs and 2) buying support/shorting resistance.
two methods are the inverse of each other -- in buying break-outs we buy
the break of the intraday base (our base and break method), and in buying
support we buy the reversal on an extended move away from the base. This
might sound confusing but it's not -- as you'll see in the following illustrations.
Here is an example from our newsletter: we had noted the overbought nature
and resistance at 42 in the newsletter on AGU. The stock opened, bases over
40, and then breaks away from the base and flat EMA for a vertical move
to 42. This was an excellent short spot against resistance as the stock
had arrived at significant daily resistance via an extended intraday move.
Note how it moved back to the EMA -- resistance shorts usually offer at
least a primary target of EMA.
Good continuation down on the break of the EMA.
trades are in every way opposites of the traditional base and break breakout
trade. We'll go into some detail on this in the AEM example:
We wrote in the newsletter the previous night that we would be buyers at
52. The stock went to 51.99 at noon; this was ideal as the best support
buys are the ones that quickly break support and then reverse above. The
trade was almost good for a run to the 5min/20 EMA --partial exit was reversal
on the EMA. Not a big win but a good example of how to execute a support
buy as the stock based around 52.6 and then dropped down to support away
from the base. When buying support always buy the reversal on an extended
move away from the base.
Let's follow up on AEM to get an important
The base is your friend when buying a break-out through resistance or shorting
a break-down through support. However, when doing the opposite -- buying
support, selling resistance-- then you want to logically also be doing the
inverse, buying the reversal on the extended spike down to support away
from the base or selling resistance on a vertical spike up away from the
gone over the difference in how to buy breakout longs versus support buys
many times in the newsletter however we still get questions on this often.
Hopefully the following (very crude) diagrams will clarify the matter:
1. A text-book break-out long base and break through resistance. The daily
number is 100; the stock bases one point under at 99 and then breaks the
base. Do not wait for 100 to buy but buy the break-out of the base below,
say at 99.2.
2. A text-book break-down short base
and break. The daily spot is 100, you see a base with good volume at 101
and you short the break-down through the base for the dive down to the 100
daily spot support. Fill would be around 100.8 with stop on any reversal
back to the base over 101.
3. a) At 100 there is formidable support
and you want to buy this support for a bounce. The stock breaks 100 and
then reverses up -- you buy it. b) Then you notice that it is forming a
secondary base right at support. This is bad news if you're long -- exit
as there is a high chance that the stock will go lower.
4. At 100 there is formidable support
and you want to buy this support for a bounce. The stock breaks 100 and
then reverses up -- you buy it. The stock does not form any secondary base
and instead bounces hard. This is exactly what you want -- buying the stock
at daily support but extended away from intraday base.
Base is your friend when you are buying break-outs through resistance/shorting
breakdowns through support. But if you are doing the inverse, as is logical
the opposite is true: it's your enemy when you are buying support, or shorting
was a buy in our newsletter at 600. The stock comes down to our spot (600.62)
and S1 and bounces for 6 points. Great trade with buy on reversal over the
hours later GOOG comes to test the area again -- remember what we have always
said "buy the first test, short the second" or at least stand
aside and pass. With the second test comes a base at support -- exactly
what you DON'T want to see when buying support (but yes when you are buying
break-outs). A minor nuance -- sometimes there is a second retest headfake
and stock suddenly reverses higher. If you think this is the case let it
come above your support alert the second time with stop on the new low.
Not common, but it can happen.
remember, whether you're looking at intraday charts or daily charts, the
more ducks line up in your favor, the higher the chance of success. Intraday
- base/EMA/R1/ coinciding near daily spot is almost always a win. Daily:
oversold going into support meeting trend-line and an important moving average
is almost always a win. The problem of course is that most trades do not
have everything all lined up nice and neat, and that's OK, but at least
when they do then do put on more size and be more aggressive.
how the trend-line coincides with an oversold status, and the 200 SMA. This
is the exact type of chart we are looking for going forward for potential
is it that the more balls line up in a trade the more chance of success?
Because some traders specialize in buying stocks that reach a certain oversold
status, other like to buy off of the 200 SMA, others only look at trend-line
support, -- once you get all these groups together buying at the same time
and the same level, chances of a bounce are excellent. Think of being on
top of a cliff and wanting to bungee jump. The first group (buyers of the
200 SMA) are like one thin rope on your ankle. It might hold your fall,
or it might not as your weight might be too heavy for the supportive rope.
The second group (buyers of trend-line support) are like a second rope on
your ankle. Now the chances of bouncing as you hit the end of the rope are
greater. The third group is like an additional supportive rope on your body,
and so on and so on. And why do we say avoid buying support when there is
news/heavy volume? Because that changes the play-book -- suddenly someone
added a backpack with 100 kilos of rocks to your bungee jump and the chances
of those ropes holding just got a lot less. If there is specific news on
a stock we completely avoid support trades. If there is no news but heavy
volume on a sector getting smashed then we change our strategy from buying
on support to waiting for an extreme oversold move through support and then
buying on a reversal with the support as the target for the bounce.
With break-out long swings you can to a great extent still use day-trade
stops with swing trade positions. A good break-out should obey the usual
rules of heavy volume, not coming back to the base, etc. However this is
not true of swing trades on support where often the stock closes down right
on support but gaps up the next morning. With swing trades on support you
will often have to endure some pain but in a benign bull market there probably
is nothing more profitable than buying an oversold up-trending stock into
Buy the break-out or buy support, but do nothing in between and whatever
you do, never combine both. What is combining both? Buying a break-out (i.e.
resistance), seeing it fail, and then holding until support. When is the
only time we would add to a loser? When a stock is close to two support
levels -- we start a starter position on the first, and add on the second
-- note the difference that you are combining two of the same, two support
levels, and not mixing up buys on resistance and support. How do we decide
on size? The closer the first support is to the second, the bigger the starter
trade a lot around the EMA/R1 combo, be it buying a move on a lift-off from
the EMA/R1, buying a dip to an ascending EMA meeting R1 or what we call
strategy we use often and which is important for every HCPG reader to know
well is what we have affectionately dubbed, "the Indy". The name
comes from a description of the strategy in which the stock is being held
from above by R1 and is slowly getting squeezed from below by the ascending
EMA. Indiana Jones would often find himself in similar situations and would
always find a way to break out of the impending squeeze, thus "the
First you have the stock rally almost
to the alert/ R1 zone and then pull-back. The stock's range is wide as it
bobs between the alert and the ascending EMA. As time passes the price pattern
tightens up as it waits for EMA to catch up with R1. Once the EMA catches
up the the stock is free to break-out. Stop is under EMA/R1 (usually very
tight stop which gives you great risk-reward).
10AM the set-up looked OK and worth watching; and 11 AM the set-up was much
tighter and intriguing with the ascending EMA and basing at R1; by 12:25
the ascending EMA crossed over R1 and stock lifted out of base the pattern
became a lay up. BHI was a HCPG alert pick at 46.
you can see, pain free trade as the stock never returns to the 46 base.
another great example of the Indy strategy; excerpt from one of the newsletters
the newsletter the night before the stock triggered we wrote "NFLX
a bit far away now meaning that if it wants to go most likely it will be
base and break well under the number". Indeed that was the case as
it set up base and break 2.5 points under. Stock based under R2 and waited
for the 20EMA/5 min to catch up. We were in early so it felt like a long
time for the stock to finally go but the stock did not give any reason for
us to exit. Our stop was a move below the ascending 5 min/ 20 EMA which
thankfully never triggered. The best place to add was on the bounce on the
EMA at 11:10 -- we already had a lot of shares (thanks to adding on the
R2 headfake 10 minutes before) and passed on it, but hopefully some of you
got that nice entry spot. Note the little headfake over R2 at 11AM which
initially we found disappointing but then realized it had created a clean
spot at 172.5. Perfect technical move.
how stock just sits under R2 and waits for ascending EMA to catch up. Once
this occurs stock is free to break out of the base. Perfect example of the
Excellent continuation on a great risk-reward trade.
that the top of the Indy range can also be daily resistance, that is, our
own alert. GS alert 164 --note how it was slowly pushed up by the ascending
EMA until it had no more room. Do or die. Perfect.
1) as our long-term readers know we
like to trade off our own pre-determined list (newsletter selections from
previous night) and not look elsewhere during the day. This helps us focus
on charts we already know well and reduces the number of mistakes we make.
We don't use any scans intraday.
2) once the stock has broken-out and after you have
made your exit, don't stop watching the stock. Drag it to a "triggered"
portfolio and keep an eye on all stocks that have broken out. Why? a) if
break-outs are working, buy the dip to EMA/pivot point and b) as a tell
since watching triggered alerts gives you a very good idea whether you're
in a trend day (break-outs/break-downs working) or range-bound day (multiple
EMA's can be a valuable tool if you know how to use them -- find out which
EMA is important each day. Watch 1 min, 3min, 5 min, and if you wish (we
do) the 10, 15, 30 and 60 min charts and their respective 20 EMAs. We make
our decisions based on the 5 min chart but we watch the 1 min to place our
entry. Also keep an eye on which EMA meets up with pivot points (especially
R1). An ascending EMA combined with R1 usually makes for a very nice pull-back
entry on a stock that has or is close to breaking out.
Note about EMA's: The 20 min EMA/5 min chart is incredibly
useful in the first part of the day but the relevance fades in the afternoon
as longer timeframe EMAs come into focus. Basically we like to look at the
20EMA on 1 min/3 min/5 min from the open to say first hour of the day. Then
3 min and 5 min for next hour. Then 5 min for the next few hours. After
around 2 PM the 20EMA on the 5 min becomes less relevant and we don't use
the EMA as much as a tool for trading If you want at this time to still
watch the EMA then switch to 10/15 min chart.
4) there is nothing better than a trend-day for buying
pull-backs to the alert price or to the EMA (or even better a combination
of the two if they line up).
5) we find EMA dip-buying works better earlier in
the day than later in the day
6) for buying the pull-back always look for the ascending
EMA -- flat EMAs have a much higher failure rate
a) Trend days up buy breakouts, buy pull-backs to
b) Trend day down short break-downs on daily, short rallies to EMA intraday.
c) Range bound days buy pull-backs to daily support, short daily resistance.
Don't get these two mixed up! Do your homework and
always have alerts on your list for they serve as tells on market behavior.
mechanical percent based stops are useless for our type of trading -- look
for the base and trade around that. The base is everything.
if a stock gaps up above our alert we never chase it up -- we wait for it
to either pull-back to re-test our spot or to make a low risk base before
entering. Often it bases until the ascending 20EMA/5 min catches up and
then takes off.
If you want to get in and stock has tested same support then zoom out and
go to the next EMA IF you can find an ascending one, but don't buy the same
EMA test. Do not buy the second test of the 20EMA on the 5 min chart but
look for EMA bounce for example on the 15 min chart IF IT IS ASCENDING.
Flat EMAs are irrelevant. We have at all times the 20EMA plotted on the
3 min, 5 min, 15 min, and 60 min time-frame (as well as daily chart of course
but there we use SMA). We like having these charts side by side and not
have to switch from one to another can take up valuable time in the heat
of a trade.
HCPG/BTG (Base Trading Group)
If you are keen on shortening the learning curve then ask us for some of
our primers including "Base and Break" and "The Base is Everything".